Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that affects the retinas of people with diabetes. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the eye and occurs as a result of high blood sugar (glucose) that people with diabetes have over a long period of time.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina. In the early stages of the disease (non proliferative), these blood vessels leak fluid and distort sight. In the more advanced stage (proliferative retinopathy), fragile new blood vessels grow around the retina and in the vitreous humor (a clear substance inside the eye). If these blood vessels are not treated, they may bleed and blur vision, or may scar and detach (disconnect) the retina.
Treatment for Diabetic Retionapthy includes
- Managing your diabetes
- Laser treatment
- Eye injections
- Eye surgery